How to understand and describe line graphs using nouns and verbs

So far, we have only used verbs to describe these line graphs but we can also use nouns. We change the adverbs into adjectives.

The above graph is quite simple. You can use any of the following adverbs to describe it.

- The population
**rose slowly**. There was a**slow****rise**in the population. - The population
**rose steadily**. There was a**steady****rise**in the population. - The population
**rose slightly**. There was a**slight****rise**in the population. - The population
**rose gently**. There was a**gentle****rise**in the population. - The population
**rose****gradually**. There was a**gradual rise**in the population.

The above graph is also fairly simple. However, it has two distinct trends so the description needs to mention this.

- From 2013 to 2016, the population
**increased****dramatically**. From 2013 to 2016 there was a**dramatic****increase**in the population. - From 2013 to 2016, the population
**increased significantly**. From 2013 to 2016 there was a**significant increase**in the population. - From 2013 to 2016, the population
**increased considerably**. From 2013 to 2016 there was a**considerable increase**in the population. - From 2013 to 2016, the population
**increased rapidly**. From 2013 to 2016 there was a**rapid increase**in the population. - From 2013 to 2016, the population
**increased substantially**. From 2013 to 2016 there was a**substantial increase**in the population. - From 2013 to 2016, the population
**increased markedly**. From 2013 to 2016 there was a**dramatic increase**in the population. - From 2013 to 2016, the population
**increased greatly**. From 2013 to 2016 there was a**great increase**in the population. - After 2016, the population
**grew more slowly**. After 2016, the population**growth**was**slower**.

- From 2013 to 2016,
**the population rose**from 10.02 million to 10.63 million. From 2013 to 2016,**there was a rise in population**from 10.02 million to 10.63 million. - From 2013 to 2016,
**the population rose**by 0.38 million. From 2013 to 2016,**there was a rise in population**of 0.38 million. - From 2013 to 2016,
**the population rose**by 380,000. From 2013 to 2016,**there was a rise in population**of 380,000. - From 2013 to 2016,
**the population rose**by 6.08782%. From 2013 to 2016,**there was a rise in population**of 6.08782 per cent.

- From 2016 to 2021,
**the population grew**from 10.63 million to 10.75 million. From 2016 to 2021,**there was a growth in population**from 10.63 million to 10.75 million. - From 2016 to 2021,
**the population grew**by 0.12 million. From 2016 to 2021,**there was a growth in population**of 0.12 million. - From 2016 to 2021,
**the population grew**by 120,000. From 2016 to 2021,**there was a growth in population**of 120,000. - From 2016 to 2021,
**the population grew**by 1.12888%. From 2016 to 2021,**there was a growth in population**of 1.12888 per cent.

- Overall,
**the population went up**from 10.2 million to 10.75 million. Overall,**there was a growth in population**from 10.2 million to 10.75 million. - Overall,
**the population went up**by 0.73 million. Overall,**there was an increase in population**of 0.73 million. - Overall,
**the population went up**by 730,000. Overall,**there was a rise in population**of 730,000. - Overall,
**the population went up**by 7.28543%. Overall,**there was a growth in population**of 7.28543 per cent .

Once again, it is important to note that the above line graph is used to illustrate how to describe the basic information in the graph. But you have to be careful about looking not just at the graph, but also the **X** and **Y** axes.

In the above graph the **Y** axis starts at 9.9 million, not zero. So the increase on the graph looks significant. But the percentage increase over these years is not great. It rises from 10.2 million in 2013 to 10.63 million in 2016. This is a rise of slightly more than 4% (4.1666) over a period of 3 years. So the adverbs we used in the to describe the change in the first part of the second graph (dramatically, significantly, considerably rapidly, ...) are somewhat exaggerated.

If we show the graph with the **X** axis starting at zero we get a more realistic impression of this increase.

So it is very important when interpreting graphs to be aware of how the data is presented. Not only do you need to look at the title, but also the axes, the units, and whether the scale starts at zero.

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